Liberals move to overhaul rules on revoking, granting citizenship

February 25, 2016

By Tom Parry, CBC News |

The federal government is scrapping measures brought in by the Conservatives that allow Ottawa to revoke the citizenship of Canadians convicted of terrorism and other offences.

Legislation last year allowed Canadians who held dual nationalities to be stripped of their Canadian citizenship if they were found guilty of terrorism, treason or spying offences.

The Liberals campaigned on a promise to revoke the measures and have now made good on their pledge. Immigration Minister John McCallum introduced his new bill when the House of Commons began sitting Thursday.

“It will still be possible to revoke citizenship, as it always has been, for those who misrepresent who they are or who are guilty of citizenship fraud,” McCallum told reporters.

“I think under the previous law there was a risk of a slippery slope,” he said. “If one crime made you eligible for revocation this year, what crimes could be added next year?

“We do have a criminal justice system. We do have courts. We do have prisons where those convicted of crimes are sent. And that is the way in which we deal with this.”

Toronto 18 ringleader’s citizenship restored

During the campaign, the Conservatives moved to revoke the citizenship of Zakaria Amara of the so-called Toronto 18, a group of men convicted for plotting to place bombs in Southern Ontario, but the matter is still before the courts.

An exchange on the issue between then-prime minister Stephen Harper and current Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was one of the more heated moments in the federal leaders debate on foreign policy, with Harper asking why those convicted of terrorism shouldn’t have their citizenship taken away.

“A Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian,” Trudeau responded.

“And you devalue the citizenship of every Canadian in this place and in this country when you break down and make it conditional for anybody.”

Once McCallum’s new legislation passes, Amara’s citizenship will be restored.

“It is a question of principle,” McCallum told reporters Thursday. “We do not need an additional set of rules that would create two classes of citizen.”

“If one believes that a Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian … those principles must be applied universally.”

“We did run on those things. We did win the election,” he said. “And therefore, I would argue that we have a strong mandate from Canadians to enact that which we promised to do.”

Speaking on behalf of the Conservatives, critic Michelle Rempel said the legislation was “very poorly thought through” and lacked cohesive policy.

“This bill is a win for Zakaria Amara and not many other Canadians,” she said, questioning the Liberals’ “judgment when it comes to protecting the safety of Canadians.”

Residency, language rules changing

The new bill also reduces the time immigrants must spend in Canada before they can apply for citizenship and eases language requirements for new arrivals.

“We thought the Conservatives had erected a number of unnecessary barriers to becoming a citizen,” McCallum said in an interview airing Thursday on CBC News Network’s Power & Politics.

“The dumbest actually was taking away the 50 per cent credit for international students, because if there’s any group in this country who would be good Canadians — they’re educated, they know about this country, they speak English or French — it’s them. So why punch them in the nose when we’re trying to attract them here in competition with Australia, the U.K. and others?”

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